Sciatica Surgery Overview
Sciatica surgery is considered a minimally invasive procedure. In cases where the condition fails to naturally resolve itself, surgical intervention may required. Of course, surgical procedure is usually not the first option and exercises and stretching are preferred methods of treatments. There are two forms of sciatica surgery options for patients with the condition.
Sciatica Surgery Options
A microdisectomy is one of the most commonly performed procedures for sciatica patients. In this procedure, the goal is to provide relief from the pressure caused to the nerves in the back. A portion of the intervertebral disc is removed to minimize pressure and eliminate pain.
During the lumbar laminectomy procedure, the bone spurs from the facet joints are removed. A small incision is made to the lower back area in order to remove the bone spurs. The removal of the bone spurs provides pressure relief. Percutaneous endoscopic discectomy consists of the removal of the material that is pressing on the sciatic nerves. This approach is taken to remove the herniated or bulging disc that presses against the root of the nerve along the spinal cord.
A foraminotomy removes the tissue that is located at the edge of the spinal canal. The removal of the tissue relieves pressure caused by the bulging material. A laminotomy removes a snippet of the lamina, that is designed to protect the nerves in the vertebra. The goal is to depress both the spinal cord and spinal nerve. During spinal fusion, grafts are taken from the hip and back and fused together to be added to the vertebrae.
The Healing Process
Immediately following the surgery, it is highly likely that you will continue to experience pain symptoms. You will feel fatigue during the recovery process as a result of the post surgery medication you will be prescribed. It can take from a month to six months to fully recover from sciatic surgery. The typical patient recovers in a month’s time after having the procedure. Inflammation and other minor complications may result from having the procedure.
Some patients may require multiple surgeries to have the condition permanently resolved. Surgical intervention may resolve the condition if it has existed for less than four weeks. The length of time the person has been experiencing these symptoms influences the chances of the condition being permanently resolved through surgery.
Surgery is normally considered as a last resort for treatment of sciatica. Patients with lower back pain, leg pain, bladder problems, and sensation to the buttocks should seek care immediately to prevent symptoms from worsening and becoming more difficult to manage. Read more about sciatica here, here and here and consult a medical health care professional before making any decisions on diagnosis and treatment.